A Web Browser War is a term for the competition between the Web browsers with respect to their dominance in usage share in the Web Browser marketplace. The term was often used to compare Internet Explorer from Microsoft Inc. & Netscape Navigator since earlier 1990’s but with the passage of time by year 2003, some other browsers which were Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari & Opera also got included in the Web Browser battle.
And now a days, the introduction of HTML5, CSS 3 and extensive client-side scripting to the World Wide Web, & also widespread use of smartphones and other mobile devices for surfing the Internet, have added a range of some new dimensions and players, ensuring that these browser battles continue on many fronts.
But first let’s get introduced to the Web Browsers & their applications & features for the comparison of their abilities.
What’s A Web Browser?
A Web browser is an application software which lets you surf or browse the search engine on Internet. In other words after having an Internet connection, the application we use to type a search or where our search engine appears on our computer or Mobile Internet device’s screen is the Web browser for an example we can take any browser like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, Opera & now a days there is a very long list of such Web browsing applications.
Web browsers can’t be categorised because they don’t have a specific type as they are used for just one purpose which is to surf the Internet. But the browser war took place when different Web browsers were introduced by different application creators.
Starting Of The Browser War
Around 1995, the World Wide Web received a deal of attention in mass media. Netscape Navigator was the most widely used web browser and Microsoft created Internet Explorer 1.0, which was launched as part of the Microsoft Windows 95 Plus! Pack in August 1995.
later on, after 3 months Internet Explorer 2.0 was launched as free download by Microsoft Inc. Totally being different from Netscape Navigator, it was available free for all Windows users & also for commercial companies. Later on some other Software companies followed and launched their browsers to be downloaded & used for free. Netscape Navigator and some other competing products like InternetWorks, Quarterdeck Browser, InterAp, and Win Tapestry were bundled with other applications to full internet suites. New versions of Internet Explorer and Netscape (branded as Netscape Communicator) were released at a rapid pace over the following few years.
Microsoft Inc. begun to approach feature parity competing Netscape with Internet Explorer 3.0 in 1996, which offered scripting support and the market’s first commercial Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) implementation too.
But the Browser developing race continued with rapid fire & Microsoft launched Internet Explorer 4.0.
From then to now on many of the other Software companies have designed their browsers with a lots of new enhancements & features. And all are running in the race of being the top used Web Browsers.
The Unstoppable War Of Browsers
After getting defeated by Microsoft, Netscape open sourced their code for upcoming Mozilla Foundation which was a non-profit community-driven project to create a successor to Netscape. The efforts of Mozilla Foundation resulted in Mozilla firefox, A browser with tabbing option feature in order to open multiple Web pages at a time. Till then only Opera Web browsers had that feature. Mozilla Firefox was a light Application & hence became more popular & also more used than Opera.
The wars of all the Web browsers continued with many features & today even Google is also participating in this War with it’s Web Browser “Google Chrome”.
The most used Browser now a days are :
The Web Browser War is still going on with the passing time & new advancements & features are being added by every brand designing Web Browsers. Let’s just see which one is best for the users & which one is of good use for Web Developers & Programmers.